Norwegian energy company Equinor has announced its decarbonisation ambitions that include halving maritime emissions in Norway by 2030 compared to 2005.
The company’s decarbonisation goals are part of the company’s climate roadmap launched on 6 February 2020, which aims to ensure a competitive and resilient business model fit for long-term value creation and in line with the Paris agreement.
The maritime sector represents 6 per cent of total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Norway and 2–3 per cent of global emissions. Being both a producer and a supplier of fuel to the maritime sector, Equinor has extensive maritime activity around the world, including around 175 vessels on contract with the company at any time.
“As a producer and user of maritime fuel, Equinor has a good opportunity to help decarbonise shipping. From our position on the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS), we will develop new solutions contributing to substantial emission reductions together with the maritime industry in Norway and internationally,” said Irene Rummelhoff, Equinor’s executive vice president for Marketing, Midstream and Processing (MMP).
Equinor has set the following ambitions for its maritime activity:
- By 2030: Halving maritime emissions in Norway compared to 2005 emissions.
- By 2050: Halving global emissions compared to 2008 emissions.
As a supplier of fuel to the maritime sector, Equinor’s ambitions are as follows:
- By 2030: Escalating its production and use of low-carbon fuels.
- By 2050: Strongly increase production and use of zero-emission fuels.
Equinor has worked systematically on reducing its carbon intensity by developing new types of vessels and using alternative fuels in close collaboration with the industry. Equinor has been a pioneer in using liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a fuel, and during 2021, the company will introduce large-scale use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as a fuel.
A new hybrid battery system has been introduced for 19 supply vessels on contract with Equinor on the NCS, and the next generation of dual-fuel vessels is being introduced to the fleet continuously. The company has also, in collaboration with the maritime industry, started developing the world’s first supply vessel to run on zero-emission ammonia.
Equinor will continue supporting the development of low-carbon fuels for the industry. In an intermediate phase the company will introduce batteries, hybrid solutions as well as LNG and LPG solutions. The longer-term ambition is to develop value chains for zero-emission fuels to the maritime sector that will gradually replace low-carbon fuels.
“Equinor will play an important role in developing new zero-emission fuels for ships, such as hydrogen and ammonia, in combination with carbon capture and storage. As a major maritime player and a producer of maritime fuels we can help establish new value chains in the sector, for example by pilot projects together with other players. We see this as an exciting business opportunity that fits the company’s strategy and technological advantages as well as Norway’s role as a laboratory for new maritime technology,” said Rummelhoff.
Equinor has identified the following areas for developing zero-emission fuels for the maritime sector:
- Increasing the share of biofuel in marine fuels
- Developing ammonia and hydrogen from natural gas in combination with carbon capture and storage or by electrolysis of water from renewable power.
“A successful development of zero-emission fuels for the maritime sector will require close collaboration between the industry, shipowners, technology suppliers, international organizations and authorities. If we succeed, we will achieve a zero-emission shipping industry and contribute to a more sustainable use of the world oceans,” said Kjetil Johnsen, vice president for the shipping, ship technology and vetting unit.
“From 2015, Equinor has gradually renewed its tanker fleet, which is an important contribution to reaching Equinor’s ambitions. We expect the total carbon intensity for the tanker fleet to be reduced by 45 per cent in 2025, compared to 2008,” said Johnsen.